Exploring Business Ownership – Craft Your Reason to Be in Business (Part 3 of 7)

We’re exploring the ins and outs of business ownership for wannabe business owners who are considering taking the plunge. In part 2 we decided that a good definition of a successful business is…

A self-sustaining entity that allows you to achieve your lifestyle goals.

Defining Your Lifestyle Goals

What lifestyle do you want your business to provide? As I shared in part 1, some people fantasize that business ownership will allow them to be waited on hand-and-foot on the French Rivera, which I refer to as “gentleman farmer’s syndrome.” Fair warning: Maybe you can achieve that goal after retirement, but failing to actively oversee your business while you own it means your business will almost certainly fail!

Even big business is not immune from this fact of life. A good example is Lee Iacocca when he moved from the #2 spot at Ford to assume the chairmanship of Chrysler Corporation. He first focused on rescuing the troubled automaker by bringing out the K car (remember the K cars?) and introducing the mini-van (originally a Ford concept that Ford didn’t feel there was a market for). His efforts were successful and Chrysler was able to pay back their government loan in full, ahead of schedule. In fact, the federal government actually made money from the first Chrysler bailout.

But even a corporation as large and talented as Chrysler suffered while he was later distracted in the 1980’s by traveling to raise funds to restore the Statue of Liberty. Chrysler lost market share during that period that it never regained. Without the captain guiding the ship it wandered off course and again required a huge effort to just avoid disaster.

Get rid of any visions (hallucinations?) that you have of creating a business that would support a gentleman farmer’s lifestyle. It’s the road to financial disaster. Successful businesses always have active owner involvement and oversight.

Your Goals May Change

In reality, lifestyle goals vary widely and may change over time. Some may want to make huge sums of money, but others might place a higher priority on having a flexible work schedule, or not having to work backshift or weekends or holidays. Still others really desire a business that creates intellectual stimulation (think Steve Jobs of Apple Computer) or positions them in the spotlight as a community leader. And others might want control of their calendar so they can be at Parents to Lunch with their elementary school child or be able to ramp down their calendar during the summer months when the kids are out of school.

The point is that you may value one or more of these attributes above making large sums of money. Craft YOUR reason for wanting to be in business. Don’t simply adopt someone else’s.

Still have the “itch?” Employees, franchise owners, and entrepreneurs all think differently. In part 4 we’ll explore how employees think differently from business owners.

Types of Business Ownership Structures

A business ownership should be structured according to the needs of the owners and potentially liability that the business could incur. The different types of business ownership are

Sole proprietorship

Partnership

Limited Liability Corporation

Corporation (for profit)

Nonprofit corporation

Limited Partnerships

This type of business organization is costly and complicated to prepare. It is not recommended for the average small business owner. Limited partnerships are usually created by one person or company who solicits investments from others. The people who invest are considered the limited partners. The general partner is in charge of the business’s everyday operations. They are personally liable for business dents. Limited partners have little control over daily business decisions or operations. Because of this they are not personally liable for business debts or claims.

A Corporation

The most significant benefit to forming a corporation is that it limits the owners’ personal liability for business dents and any court judgments against the business. A corporation is an independent legal and tax entity. This sets it apart from other types of businesses. The owners do not use their personal tax returns to pay tax on corporate profits because the corporation itself pays these taxes. Any money drawn from the corporation in the form of salaries, bonuses, etc is paid by the owners in their personal income tax returns.

Limited Liability Corporations

Limited Liability Corporations provide their owners just that, limited personal liability for business debts and claims. However, LLCs resemble partnerships when it comes to taxes. The owners of an LLC pay taxes on their shares of the business income on their personal tax returns. This type of organization is good for business owners who either

Could be sued by customers

Run the risk of piling up a lot of debt

Have substantial personal assets they want to protect

Sole Proprietorship and Partnership

A sole proprietorship, or partnership, is the ideal ownership structure for an up and coming business or the average small business. They do not have to be registered with the state and go into effect as soon as one person goes into business with themselves or two or more people go into business together. Any business income is reported on the owner’s personal income taxes. They are also personally liable for any business debts or court decisions against the business.

For more information on business ownership structures, visit www.businessdirectoryforyou.com

7 Key Steps in Transitioning to Business Ownership

The key question is why some businesses fail and others succeed. This is a debatable question and there are many opinions on this subject. However, I believe the core of the problem lies in the inability to develop good business habits from the onset of the transition into business ownership.

Too many people jump into business without fully understanding the level of involvement required to run a successful business. A common mistake, often made, is miscalculating the volume of effort needed and the resilience required to manage the ups and downs of business ownership. The bottom line is that those who are not mentally prepared for the journey of transition will have difficulties with business management and growth.

Here are 7 important steps to consider in transitioning to business ownership:

  1. Develop a business plan from the inception of the business all the way to the exit strategy. The best way to begin the process is to start with a vision which is often the big picture outlook. You can go about this by writing down everything you want to achieve. Consider this exercise the playground of ideas and exploration; a place where you have emptied all your toys to get a clear picture of what’s available in order to contemplate your next move.
  2. Take an inventory of your skills and abilities. Understand your strengths and weaknesses. This exercise will be helpful in the future as you come face-to-face with the daily management of the business. Don’t try to do it all. Don’t haggle with those things you are not strong in. Seek out the experts; it is well worth the investment.
  3. Know your industry thoroughly. Stay informed and be aware of the trends and how they can affect or impact your business. All the while, be ready to make necessary adjustments to your business strategies, such as implementing new approaches to old challenges based on what’s taking place in your industry.
  4. Set powerful goals and work towards achieving them because they are the lifeline of your business. Follow the SMART acronym for setting goals. Be sure they are Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic and Timely. Select goals that reflect the different aspects of your life, such as spiritual, business, family, etc. Les Brown says: “Life takes on meaning when you become motivated, set goals and charge after them in an unstoppable manner”. Without goals we function aimlessly and have purposeless lives. Goals give direction to fulfilling one’s purpose.
  5. Integrate your marketing strategy into your business. Remember that the business plan is the guiding tool and is not an ornament for display. Follow the strategy and adjust as needed. Though the foundation will stand, but the implementation may vary. Get to know the pain points of your target market. Understanding their needs and challenges is critical in developing appropriate solutions to solve your clients’ problems.
  6. Build up a network of support. In addition to our own self motivation, much is said about external motivation and inspiration when interacting with other like-minded individuals. Take time to be inspired by the success of others and learn from their mistakes.
  7. Apply technology to streamline the business. Make deliberated efforts to keep up with technology as it relates to your business and apply it to improve business efficiencies and enhance management. Understand how technology can be useful and appropriate in your business.

There is no doubt business ownership helps to realize dreams. It also requires consistent, intentional, and deliberate actions to deal with industry changes and other economic factors that can adversely affect the business. At times we need additional direction and support to transcend to the next level. Don’t overlook the high returns you will achieve when you make the right investment. They can make the difference in running a successful business.